John Griffith Chaney (January 12, 1876 – November 22, 1916), better known as Jack London, was an American novelist, journalist and activist. A pioneer of commercial fiction and American magazines, he was one of the first American authors to become an international celebrity and earn a large fortune from writing. He was also an innovator in the genre that would later become known as science fiction.London was part of the radical literary group "The Crowd" in San Francisco and a passionate advocate of animal rights, workers’ rights and socialism. London wrote several works dealing with these topics, such as his dystopian novel The Iron Heel, his non-fiction exposé The People of the Abyss, War of the Classes, and Before Adam. His most famous works include The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in Alaska and the Yukon during the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories "To Build a Fire", "An Odyssey of the North", and "Love of Life". He also wrote about the South Pacific in stories such as "The Pearls of Parlay", and "The Heathen".
John Griffith Chaney, Jo Chaney, Tzak Lonton, and 37 othersד לאנדאן, Jad London, Jek London, דזשעק לאנדאן, Ǧik Lundun, דז׳ק לונדון, لندن، جک, Jaek Lŏndŏn, Chieh-kʻo Lun-tun, Jack John Griffith London, Zhek London, Џек Лондон, Джек Лондон, London, Jack London, 伦敦杰克, דזיק לונדון, John Griffith London, Džek London, דזשאק לאנדאן, Tzack Lonton, ג'ק לאנדאן, Jāk Laṇṭan̲, Jak Landan, G'eḳ London, Dzhek London, Dz̆ek London, Dzjek London, 잭 런던, ג׳ק לונדון, Chieh-k'o Lun-Tun, Dzhėk London, דזש לאנדאן, Ǧāk London, Ǧāk Lundun, Dzsheḳ London, דזשזעק לאנדאן
- Jan. 11, 1876
- Nov. 22, 1916