Holt Collier

his life, his Roosevelt hunts, and the origin of the teddy bear

English language

Published 2002 by Centennial Press of Mississippi.

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Almost forgotten now, Holt Collier was a remarkable figure in the history of the Delta region of Mississippi, and he was recognized nationally during his lifetime. From the perspective of many, including modern African Americans and possibly his own contemporaries, Collier’s loyalties and his life story must be baffling and difficult to accept. In these more enlightened times his values and motives seem difficult to fathom.

The origin of the Teddy Bear stems from an occasion when President Theodore Roosevelt visited the wilderness of Mississippi in hopes of killing a black bear. He was guided on this hunt by Holt Collier, a former slave, Confederate veteran, Texas cowboy, Mississippi lawman, and noted pioneer. He is known to have killed over 3,000 bear in his lifetime–arguably more than Daniel Boone and Davy Crockett combined. Roosevelt,who also hunted with Collier in Louisiana in 1907, called him “the greatest hunter and guide I …

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  • Collier, Holt
  • Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 -- Friends and associates
  • Hinds family
  • African Americans -- Biography
  • African American hunters -- Mississippi -- Delta (Region) -- Biography
  • African American soldiers -- Biography
  • Teddy bears -- History
  • Bear hunting -- Mississippi -- History -- 20th century
  • Bear hunting -- Louisiana -- History -- 20th century
  • Mississippi -- Biography